J Med Life Sci > Volume 10(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of Medicine and Life Science 2013;10(2):184-187.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2013.10.2.184    Published online December 18, 2018.
제주 지역 초등학교 3,4학년의 알레르기성 결막염 유병율 연구
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Prevalence Study About Allergic Conjunctivitis in Third and Fourth Grade Elementary School Children
Seon-Do Kim, Sun Ho Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Keun-Hwa Lee, Hye-Sook Lee, Sung-Chul Hong, Jinho Jeong
Correspondence:  Jinho Jeong,
Abstract
Purpose : The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of allergic conjuctivitis among Korean school-age children as well as to assess the difference between residential areas in Jeju island. Method : 631 children of 3rd and 4th grade elementary school from six elementary schools in Jeju island were recruited. Participants filled out questionnaires on allergic conjunctivitis symptoms. Diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis was diagnosed when slit-lamp examination of conjunctival injection and conjunctival papilla were observed. Europe mites, Humulus japonicus, Citrus Red Mite, Japanese cedar on the skin prick test were performed. Segment netrophill, lymphocyte, eosinophil, basophil, ECP, total IgE allergy blood tests were performed. One-way ANOVA test was carried out to assess difference of allergic conjunctivitis prevalence between each school. Bivariate Pearson correlation analysis about allergic conjunctivitis and blood test and skin prick test results was made. Results : The overall prevalence of allergic conjunctivitis in the 10-11 year-old children was 18.8% (95% confidence interval; 17.1~20.5%). The mean prevalence of each subgroup was 15.3% (N=359) in north area, 36.3% (N=80) in west area, 10.6% (N=45) in east area, and 20.1% (N=147) in south area. Prevalence of allergic conjunctivitis in Jeju island was statistically significant for each regional group. For allergic conjunctivitis, skin prick test and blood tests showed no significant correlation. Conclusion : This study was able to confirm the prevalence of allergic conjunctivitis in third and fourth grade of elementary school students in Jeju for the first time. The overall prevalence of allergic conjunctivitis (18.8%) was similar with other previous reports carried on Koreans childhood residents. This study was based on slit lamp examination findings, which was unique findings compared with previous studies based on questionnaires.
Key Words: Allergic conjunctivitis, Childhood epidemiology, Skin prick test
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