J Med Life Sci > Volume 17(3); 2020 > Article
Journal of Medicine and Life Science 2020;17(3):86-93.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2020.17.3.86    Published online December 31, 2020.
의학교육 시기에 따른 의과대학생들의 정서 변화에 대한 현상학적 연구
이원경1,2, 박경혜3,4
1연세대학교 대학원 신학과
2연세대학교 원주의과대학 상담코칭센터
3연세대학교 원주의과대학 의학교육학과
4연세대학교 원주세브란스기독병원 응급의학과
A phenomenological study on the emotional changes of medical students according to the phase of medical education
Won Kyoung Lee1,2, Kyung Hye Park3,4
1Department of Theology, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Counseling and Coaching Center, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea
3Department of Medical Education, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea
4Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea
Correspondence:  Kyung Hye Park, Tel: 82-33-741-0242, Fax: 82-33-742-5034,  Email: erdoc@yonsei.ac.kr
Received: 1 December 2020   • Revised: 8 December 2020   • Accepted: 8 December 2020
Abstract
The study aimed to understand medical students’ experiences of emotional changes, including their method of adapting to experiences, and the effect of the experiences in shaping their identities. We interviewed 12 medical students who were finishing their 1-year clinical internship in 2016. Data on their opinions and reasons for emotional changes during their school life were obtained. The descriptive phenomenological approach was applied to analyze the interviews. Their stress came from disappointment in themselves, competitive environment, observing a change in their personalities, meeting their parents’ expectations, and interpersonal relations. The interviewees adjusted to the medical study by exercising self-control in their studies and daily lives, by practicing self-acceptance and observing their state of mind, and by breaking free from the competition-driven environment and obsession with grades. In addition, they cultivated endurance and found external support. Finally, they achieved self-efficacy and were comfortable in their identity as medical students. They still had to address the stress from working relationships and the difficulty in balancing studies and life. The medical students’ self-evaluation and compulsive tendencies increased during the medical course due to the burden of studies. They evolved by learning self-control and introspection and seeking ways to adapt. Understanding this growth process of medical students will improve student support in medical schools.
Key Words: Adaptation, Medical school, Medical student, Mental health, Self-control


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